Monday, June 24, 2019

Michigan HPV Rally T-shirts, tote bags


To celebrate the 35th annual Michigan Human Powered Vehicle Rally, Aug. 10-11, we will have commemorative T-shirts and tote bags.
The deadline for ordering is July 17 and shirts and bags will be shipped prior to the rally.  They will NOT be for sale at the rally, nor can they be ordered at the rally.
What is seen above will be on the back of the shirt. The drawing of Jon Stinson's streamliner, which won the modified class at the 1994 rally, was done by Charles Brown.  The rest of the shirt design was by Donna Wheeler.
On the front of the shirt will be this logo (shown below), pocket-size, likely without the lettering, or with changed lettering, since the Michigan Human-Powered Vehicle Association no longer exists officially.
T-shirts are $20; tote bags, $30. (The Michigan HPV Rally logo will be on one side of the bag and the outline of Michigan on the other.) Shipping is included.
To order, e-mail Donna at Include size (or specify tote bag), quantity, and your mailing address. (E-mail Donna if you have questions.)

Forms of payment are:
Make out check and send it to Donna Wheeler at 405 W. Upton Avenue; Reed City MI 49677.
Or use, PayPal, Zelle, or Apple Pay. You will receive an email when Donna gets your order.
Remember, shirts or tote bags must be ordered by July 17.

Monday, April 15, 2019

ASME HPV teams compete at MSU

By Mike Eliasohn

Fifty college and university teams competed in the  American Society of Mechanical Engineers Human Powered Vehicle Challenge - North April 5-7 at Michigan State University.  Teams came from as far as Egypt (three of them) and as near as MSU.  
Within the continental United States, competitors came from as far away as Oklahoma, Washington state, South Dakota and Florida (four of them).  There also were two teams from Puerto Rico.
But from within the state of Michigan, the only entry was from host MSU. (According to, 22 colleges and universities in Michigan have four-year mechanical engineering programs, plus nine community colleges have presumably associate degree ME programs.)

Here's the entry (front) from Alexandria University in Egypt, lining up for a drag race again the University of Akron entry, which finished 4th overall for the three days.  An example of clever engineering:  Since it had to go on an airplane, the fairing breaks down into eight pieces, to fit inside one suitcase.  If the author's memory of what he was told is correct, the three Egyptian teams endured a 13-hour flight to New York, then a 12-hour drive to East Lansing.  (Jun Nogami photo)

Here's four members of the Alexandria University team and their vehicle, minus the fairing (obviously). The tricycle comes apart in two pieces, also to ease transportation on the airplane.  There's a disk brake on each wheel, which for the front wheels required modification.  The 13-member team included three women.  They finished 13th overall. (Mike E. photo)

On Friday was the static judging, with each team's vehicle evaluated on factors including design, analysis, testing, safety and aesthetics.
On Saturday was the speed event, aka drag races, with two vehicles racing at a time. There were divisions for men and women, but both sexes from each team had to race the same vehicle.
Sunday was the 2-1/2 hour endurance race, on a Spartan Stadium parking lot. Points were awarded for laps completed, average speed, a weighted track bonus and penalties assessed for illegal start assistance, failure to stop at stop sign or completing the hairpin turn, etc., and safety violations.
Ultimately, there were overall scores from Friday, Saturday and Sunday and then teams were ranked.  Because of ties, the lowest scoring teams were ranked 44th.

      Photos by the author; Tim Potter, MSU sustainable transportation manager/manager of MSU Bikes, the on-campus bicycle shop; and Jun Nogami, faculty adviser to the University of Toronto team. and chairman of the UT Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

Lining up for the start of one of the Saturday morning drag races is the entry from Ohio University (31), which finished first overall over the three days and South Dakota State University (1), which finished third overall.  The starter is Mark Archibald, faculty adviser to the Grove City (Penn.) College HPV team.  Most of the 50 entries were two-wheels-in-front recumbent tricycles. (Tim Potter photo)

After years of building streamliners for the ASME event, University of Toronto students this year built this "conventional" carbon fiber bike.  (Calvin Moes is shown in this photo.)  
 "... we had been thinking for several years that the way the ASME event (has) evolved away from speed and efficiency that an ordinary bike would do just fine," team adviser Jun Nogami said in an email.  "I think we proved it this year by winning all the dynamic events" and by finishing second overall..
Here's a brief description of the construction process from Prof. Nogami:  "Male forms for the frame halves were made in reshape, and then fibreglass molds were pulled from them. The layup was done in halves, and were a bit complicated as the inserts for the headset and bottom bracket were laid up in place. The chain stays and seat stays were done separately. We had molds, etc for the forks and the front wheel, but we ran out of time so we used stock parts."
Front and rear fairings were created for the bike, but they interfered with riding it, so they weren't used. (Jun Nogami photo; for more about the ASME competition and the UT bike, go to Jun's blog:

After about four hours at the ASME event, I (Mike E.) was headed for my car when I encountered Ali Ibrahim (on bike) and Hassan Ahmed from Cairo University in the parking lot. They said the team had previously built three-wheelers; this was their first two-wheeler, which finished 28th overall. "We like this kind of bike," Hassan said.  Unfortunately, I neglected to take a photo of the  bike minus the rider, to show the details, nor did I cross paths with the third team from Egypt, from Assiut University, which finished 35th overall.

This is the vehicle from Michigan State University, with Emily Oswald of Grand Rapids on board.  The first-year entry from MSU finished 21st overall.  The team started with a TerraTrike (based in Grand Rapids), then "added on," including the ASME required roll bar and the Windwrap fairing.  Emily and the other student I (Mike E.) talked to were enthusiastic, so hopefully we will see the Spartans at the Michigan HPV Rally in August and future ASME events.  (Mike E. photo) 

 This is the entry from the other MSU at the ASME event – Mississippi State University in Starkville.  Horizontal  is Nick Hopkins; vertical is Reed McNeal.  The team finished 36th overall.    (Mike E. photo)

Binghamton University in Binghamton, N.Y. presumably had the lone prone bike competition (I didn't see another one, but I didn't see all the entries.).  It had a 100 tooth chainring, driving a 3-speed hub.It finished 27th overall.  (Mike E. photo)

This is the interesting front-wheel-drive leaning tricycle from the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee. The team persuaded CruzBike to donate the moving bottom bracket front end, then built the rest.  The two trailing arms were machined using a water jet.  If I remember correctly, suspension is via torsion bar.  The 20-inch rear wheels are 18 inches apart. There's a switch to lock the trailing arms so the trike doesn't lean (for instance, when stopped at a stoplight); unlocked, it leans like – well, a two-wheel CruzBike.  UW-M finished 16th overall.  (Mike E. photo)

Here's the UW - Milwaukee "leaner" during the Sunday morning endurance race.  The rider is Anthony Pierson, who is president of the university's HPV group.  (Jun Nogami photo)

This is the other "leaner" at the ASME competition, from the Missouri University of Science and Technology in Rolla.  Shown here during the Sunday morning endurance race, it finished 10th overall for the weekend.  (Jun Nogami photo)

Had there been a Pontiac Wide-Track award (if you know that reference, you're as old as the author), it would have gone to Southern Illinois University – Edwardsburg. In the photo are Holly Liebel and Tinna Sherman. (Apologies for my not writing down whom was whom.) The frame is aluminum tubing  the fairing is carbon fiber.  They said the very wide track added stability. Fortunately for the team, which finished 11th overall, the course for Sunday's endurance race didn't include a narrow gate for vehicles to pass through.  (As an apartment dweller and owner of a recumbent tricycle, a pet peeve of mine is that many manufactured recumbent trikes are too wide to go through doorways.  Not everyone owns a garage. Mike E. photo)

A rider staredown preceded the start of this drag race between the University of Vermont (front) and the Missouri University of Science and Technology "leaner."  ASME rules require roll bars, rider safety harnesses,, and, of course, helmets.  Vehicles without roll bars and safety harnesses are penalized. (Tim Potter photo)

Hers the entry from the University of Vermont in Burlington, the second year for the team. Their first-year effort used mountain bike forks to hold the two front wheels.  This year, they used Catrike spindles. A water jet was used to form the rear dropouts and part of the chain tensioner.  The team finished 19th overall.   (Mike E. photo)

This is the front-wheel-drive, front-wheel-steering entry from the Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in Terre Haute, Ind., which finished 25th overall.  Rose-Hulman has participated in the Michigan HPV Rally, so hopefully we will see them again in August. (Jun Nogami photo)

At least one member of the Ohio University team was cruising around on this bike, which uses two belts (not chains) for the drive system.  (Mike E. photo) The frame is aluminum tubing, mostly bolted together.  It was built by Israel Urieli who retired from the OU mechanical engineering faculty in 2012. I emailed Izzi, who sent me this description (slightly edited):

"This was my electric assist bicyclewhich I built around 20 years ago with the help of Dan Sodomsky, who introduced me to belt drives for bicycles. After retiring and downsizing, I donated the bike to OU, but I had no idea that it would be used at the ASME event. I used to travel every morning on the bike path from my home to OU, and had a charge meter. Whenever I saw the battery discharging I would always be in shock, and pedal hard to charge the batteries. Also, I would hardly ever use brakes - going on a steep downhill I would simply use the motor as a generator and charge the batteries, so I would always come to OU with the batteries charged higher than when I left home."
To see his other recumbent creations, do an online search for "Israel Urieli," then click on "Izzi's home page," then "human powered vehicles."


Tuesday, April 9, 2019

35th Michigan HPV Rally- Aug. 10-11, 2019

The 35th annual rally will be held at the Waterford Hills sports car racing track on the Oakland County Sportsmen's Club grounds in Clarkston, near Pontiac - the location since 1986. The oldest such event in North America is open to riders of all human powered vehicles — recumbents, streamliners, regular bicycles, tandems and handcycles.

There are classes for streamlined, unstreamlined cycles, tandems, women, youth and tricycles. The rally is conducted using Human Powered Race America rules (go to, then under "recumbent racing," click on "Human Powered Race America," then on "racing rules." Note: HPRA rules require all vehicles to have a mirror or mirrors enabling rear vision to both sides.
The track is 1.4 miles around, with nine turns and one hill. Sunday races use a shorter course without the hill. The track has been repaved since last year's event.
Prize money will be awarded to top finishers in each class. Even if you don't want to compete, come and see some unusual and some very fast cycles.

Schedule of events (subject to change):

Registration and tech inspection starts 8 am
1-hour time trial (streamliner, streetliner, tricycle classes) - 9:30 am
1-hour time trial (stock, junior, women, tandem classes) - 11 am
Lunch and hot laps, 12:15 p.m. (on short loop, all classes, ride as many laps as you want; your fastest lap counts)
Hill climb/coast down (all classes) - 1:30-2:30 pm
Standing start kilometer (all classes), 3 p.m.
Urban transportation contest - in afternoon.  Score/placing based on results of hill climb, coast down, time in running obstacle course and evaluation for lights, fenders, other weather protection, cargo carrying capacity, braking performance, rearview mirrors, security against theft, convenience (size, getting on/off or in/out), etc.

200-foot sprints, flying start (all classes) - 8:30-9:30 am
Tricycle race - 10 am
Road race (faired classes, short course, no hill, 12 miles) –10:30 am
Road race (unfaired classes, short course, no hill, 9 miles) 11 am

Awards ceremony follows the last race, expected by 1 p.m.

Entry fees: $20 for one day, $35 for two days. College and high school teams registering in advance, $35 for first vehicle and rider; $10 for each additional vehicle or rider. Spectators free.
To register in advance, click on:

FOOD – We will have a Saturday evening trackside barbecue, starting about 6, catered by Mark Berend, who did the same at our 30th annual rally in 2014.  The cost will be $10, which can be paid during registration in the morning. Latecomers can pay just before meal time.
The menu likely will include hamburgers, chicken and vegetarian pasta. And a 35th anniversary cake, maybe with ice cream.
The concession stand will be open Saturday and Sunday for lunch (and snacks). 
Should it rain (hopefully not) or you want some shade from the sun (preferably), we can use the new pavilion, next to the main control tower and facing the start/finist straight.  

NOTE: As of early Julyl, the person who will operate the timing/scoring equipment is tentative, so it would be nice to have another person trained as back-up and for future years. If interested in volunteering, please contact Mike Eliasohn at You can also contact Mike if you have questions or comments not specific to the racing.  For additional information or questions specific to the racing, contact:

Location: Oakland County Sportsmen's Club: 4770 Waterford Road, Clarkston MI 48346. For a map of the track, visit or 

TO GET TO THE RALLY:  From I-75, get off at exit 91. Take M-15 south to Dixie Hwy. (US-24). Turn left, continuing south about 1 mile and turn left onto Waterford Road, then proceed to track.If coming from the west, take U.S. 23 north (or south) to M-59 (Highland Road). Go east on M-59 to Airport Road, then left (north) to US-24. Turn left, then immediately right onto Waterford Road. Go about a half-mile to track.


Free camping available overnight Friday and Saturday at the Waterford Hills Sportsman Club, site of the HPV rally, starting at 6 p.m. Friday. Restrooms, showers available and possibly electrical hookups.

STATE CAMPGROUNDS (, then click on "make a reservation.
Highland Recreation Area, 5200 E. Highland Road (M-59), White Lake, 248-889-3750. Two miles east of Highland.
Holly Recreation Area, 8100 Grand Road, Holly, 248-634-8811. Five miles east of Holly.
Pontiac Lake Recreation Area, 7800 Gale Road, Waterford, 248-666-1020. Closest to Waterford Hills track, about 4 miles west.
OAKLAND COUNTY:  Groveland Oaks County Park, 14555 Dixie Hwy., Holly, northeast of Holly, 248-634-9811.
PRIVATE CAMPGROUNDS ( Horseshoe Lake Campground and RV Park, 1050 E. Oakwood Road, Oxford, 248-628-3859, e-mail

MOTELS (with approximate distances/direction from Waterford Hills track)
Clarkston - Clarkston Motor Inn, 6853 Dixie Hwy. (US-10), 248-625-1522, 12 rooms, 2 miles northeast.
Clarkston - Olde Mill Inn of Clarkston, 5835 Dixie Hwy., 248-623-0300. Across Dixie Highway from Waterford Road leading to track. This is the closest motel to the track.
Hartland - Best Western of Hartland, 10087 M-59 at US-23, 810-632-7177, 61 rooms. About 18 miles west.
Waterford – Quality Inn and Suites, 7076 Highland Road (M-59), 248-666-8555, 111 rooms. About 3 miles southwest.
Waterford – Waterford Motel, 2201 Dixie Hwy. at Telegraph Road, 248-338-4061, 50 rooms. About 6 miles southeast.
Waterford – Holiday Inn Express, 4350 Pontiac Lake Road, 248-674-3434, 83 rooms. About 7 miles southwest.
Whitmore Lake - Best Western of Whitmore Lake, 9897 Main St. (off US-23, exit 53), 734-449-2058, 61 rooms. About 33 miles southwest.

Saturday, February 16, 2019

A look at some very old recumbents

By Mike Eliasohn

Long time recumbent enthusiasts know, or should know, that recumbent bicycles are not something that were created in the 1970s or '80s.
The chapter devoted to recumbents in Bicycle Design: An Illustrated History by Tony Hadland and Hans-Gerhard Lessing (The MIT Press, 2014) shows patent drawings of the designs by Charles Challand, patented in Switzerland in 1895, and Irving Wales, patented in the U.S. in 1897.
Doing Yahoo searches of "vintage recumbent bicycles" and other online research has unearthed numerous photos of old designs.  For some, I have no or little information. Some information also came from various print (on paper) publications and recumbent expert John Riley in California.

Here's a French design from 1914.  Notice the remote steering utilizing a universal joint, a common feature on early long wheelbase recumbents. An article about recumbents in the July 2001 Popular Mechanics included a reprint, plus photo, from the June 1914 PM, headlined "New Type of Bicycle Seen in Paris."  It showed two recumbents that looked very much like the bike in the above photo.

No information, but another long wheelbase with remote steering.

The Mochet Velo-Velocar – this one is from 1932 – probably is the best known of the pre-World War II recumbents and was manufactured (in France) in greater numbers than any other recumbent.  The were touring and racing versions.  Charles and Georges Mochet, father and son, produced side-by-side four-wheel pedal cars from 1928 to 1944 or '45 and the two-wheelers from 1932-41.  After WWII, they produced motorized microcars, scooters and motorcycles until apparently 1958.  To read and see more, go to

A Moller Auto-Cycle, also know as a Triumph Moller Auto-Cycle, since the Triumph bicycle company in England manufactured the Swedish design by Holger Moller under license. Some Mollers had steering wheels, like this one, and others had handlebars, though they also utilized the steering shaft and universal joint.  The Moller was patented in the U.S. in 1938.

The Ravat Horizontal was manufactured in France in the mid-1930s. It was sold in the UK as the Cycloratio.  Rear wheel was 28 inches; front, 20 inches; wheelbase, 36 inches.

Oscar Egg, from Switzerland, set the world hour record in 1914 at 44.247 km (27 miles, 385 yards). Then after Francis Faure of France pedaled 45.055 km in an hour in on a Mochet recumbent in 1933,  breaking Egg's 1914 record  Egg built this lever-drive recumbent with the goal of becoming the first cyclist to pedal 50 kilometers (31.07 miles) in an hour.  He intended to enclose it in a fairing, that is, turn it into a streamliner. But Faure in a streamlined Mochet  was the first to accomplish 50 km in an hour, in 1938, and Egg apparently never made an attempt with his lever-driver machine. Faure's 1938 record was unofficial because after his 1933 record, the UCI governing body outlawed non-traditional designs, such as recumbents.

Francis Faure of France sets the world hour record in 1933 on a Mochet Velo-Velocar, 45.055 kilometers. After that, the UCI governing body required such records to be set on "conventional "upright bicycles.

Prone position bicycles also aren't a new idea, although I don't have a date on this one.

A patent drawing for another early prone design. 

Another prone design.  This photo was taken in Sweden in the 1950s.  In 2013, an online advertisement appeared in Sweden to sell perhaps the very same bike (photo below). The ad said the bike was made in the Netherlands. 

Some links:
–, then on the home page, under "New to Recumbents," click on "Recumbent history."

– Not in English, but some interesting images: 

–  Unfortunately, there's no separate listing for recumbents.  Pick a year, for instance, click on "1930s," then on "1932," then on "1932 Mochet Velocar Modele Sport Recumbent Prototype."  Under that entry, there's lots of photos and some magazine articles from that year.

Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Northbrook HPV races - July 28. 2018

Words and photos by Mike Eliasohn

Four HPVers from Michigan participated in the July 28 races on the velodrome in Northbrook, Ill., and the following day on the velodrome in Kenosha, Wis. They were  Mike Mowett of Detroit, Cyrus Furbush, Tecumseh, and Rob Lloyd, Whitmore Lake, who finished 4th, 5th and 6th respectively in the stock class; and Rob's son, Cameron, 11, who was 2nd in the junior class.
I (Mike) only went to the Saturday races in Northbrook, hence no photos from Kenosha.
To see all the results and photos by others, go to, then under "recumbent racing," click on "HPRA racing results and pictures."

Rob Lloyd of Whitmore Lake first raced his homebuilt recumbent at the 2017 Michigan HPV Rally.  It was unpainted, which showed its beautifully smooth brazed joints.  (See blog article July 16, 2017).  He raced a modified Rans at the 2018 Michigan HPV Rally, but at Northbrook, he was on his now painted homebuilt, with a larger front wheel.  (Previous front wheel was 20-inch/451 mm).

Mike Mowett of Detroit raced his Morciglio M1 at Northbook and Kenosha.  He finished 4th  in the stock class for the weekend.  In the 200 meter flying start at Northbrook, one of four events during the weekend, he finished third with a speed of 35.37 mph.

Cyrus Furbush of Tecumseh, who came to the Illinois events with Mike Mowett, raced his M5 M-Racer to 5th in the stock class for the weekend. There were 13 stock class entries.  Cyrus' speed in the 200 meter sprint at Northbrook was 34.51 mph, good for 6th place.

The fourth competitor from Michigan was Cameron Lloyd, 11, who came with his father, Rob and raced a modified (by his father) Rans Enduro.  During the 20-lap juvenile class race at Northbrook, he passes Martina Kowalik of Deerfield, Ill., the youngest competitor at age 7.

The future of HPV racing:  Lining up for the start of the 20-lap race at Northbrook were, from left, Ishtey Amminger, 15, Memphis, Tenn., who won on his Cruzbike; Cameron Lloyd, 11;  AdrianA Kowalik, 9, Deerfield, Ill.; and Martina Kowalik, 7, being held by dad Fran Kowalik.

The start of the 50-lap race for unpaired vehicles at Northbrook.  The winner was Dennis Grelk of Donelson, Iowa, on the large black low racer in the center of the front row.  He rode the 50 laps (11.84 miles) at an average speed of 29.47 mph.

Warren Beauchamp of Elgin, Ill., had his not-yet-completed tricycle at the Jan. 20 HPVer gathering at the home of Bruce and Linda Gordon in Buchanan. Now finished (obviously), here he is racing it at Northbrook.  His complete construction diary can be seen on the home page of the website Warren edits,

Garrie Hill (left) and Fran Kowalik get Sean Costin ready for the start of the 100-lap streamliner race. Sean won over seven other streamliners, riding the 23.68 miles at an average speed of 36.89 mph.  (The Northbrook velodrome is 382 meters around.)  Second was Dennis Grelk, who finished four laps behind Sean.  (When the winner completes the race distance, everyone else finishes the lap they are on and are done.)  A view of Sean's streamliner – built around a Nocom low-racer is below.

Peter Amminger of Memphis, Tenn., works on the TriSled GeeBee, owned by Garrie Hill, in which Peter's son, Ishtey, 15, hopes to set the world multi-track speed record in the 15-17 age bracket at the World Human Powered Speed Challenge Sept. 10-15 at Battle Mountain, Nev.  The current record is 57.92 mph.  If it's not obvious, the GeeBee has two wheels in front.

Mike Mowett (kneeling) brought what officially is his Norus streamliner to Northbrook, but didn't race it. He explains its inner workings to, from left, Cyrus Furbush and brothers David and Nathan Sommerfeld, from Iowa. David's homebuilt front-wheel-drive recumbent, which he raced at Northbrook and Kenosha, was shown in the Sept. 28, 2017 blog entry about the HPV races in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.  He said he's now building a streamliner.

Saturday, June 2, 2018

34th annual Michigan HPV Rally - May 19-20, 2018

Jonathan Walters from Cincinnati, Ohio, on his Schlitter Encore, leads Rick Toler, of Dayton, Ohio, on his Fetish during the one-hour time trial for unfaired bikes on Saturday. It was the first time for both of them at the Michigan HPV Rally.  Rick finished 5th in the one-hour and 3rd in the stock class for the weekend.  Jonathan was 8th in the one-hour and 5th overall in the stock class.

Words and photos (except one) by Mike Eliasohn

Despite threatening weather, the 34th annual Michigan Human Powered Vehicle Rally May 19-20 – the 31st at the Waterford Hills sports car racing track in Clarkston – drew 31 competitors.
Saturday morning started wet, and depending on the forecast, there was the possibility of rain all day, which may have kept some competitors and spectators away. Because it was too wet to tape the timing tape to the pavement for the two one-hour time trials, which were the scheduled first events, competition started with the hill climb-coast down. By the time that was over, the track had dried enough to put down the timing tape, so the one-hour for mostly streamlners started at about 11:30 and the time trial for the other vehicles started at 1:05.
That was followed by the hot laps, but because everything was running late, the standing start kilometer, the final event scheduled Saturday, was cancelled.   Good thing, since it started raining as people were leaving and then it started pouring.
On Sunday, It was cloudy all morning, but no rain, so all events were held as scheduled, and ran quick enough that the awards ceremony was done by about 12:40.
Tedd and Donna Wheeler of Reed City organized and ran the rally for the second time. Other helpers included Bruce Gordon of Buchanan, who handled the online registration, ran the timing equipment and compiled and posted the results and Mike Mowett of Detroit, who did the technical inspections. (Note: Bruce plans to retire from his timing/compiling results duties, so someone needs to volunteer to take over, or there might not be a 35th Michigan HPV Rally.)
Apologies to any other helpers we missed.

Here's the University of Toronto's three streamliners. The tricycle (left) is the newest and was ridden by Bill Kong to 6th in the streamliner class.  Calvin Rieder in No. 68 finished 7th in the class.  Calvin Moes rode No. 66 (right) to second overall among the streamliners and  pedaled a very impressive 45.42 mph in the 200-foot flying sprint, though not a record.

The University of Toronto – the only college team competing – was back for the ninth year with three streamliners, two manufactured recumbents, five riders and some parents.
Special mention also should be made to Dennis Grelk, who once again made the long trek from Donnellson, Iowa, with his parents, and five HPVs, three of which he built. He competed with four of them.
And, Michael and Linnae Hinterseher of Novi and their three children – Elizabeth, 8, Amalie, 11, and Johannes, 12 – all participated. 
Following are the top three for each class. To see complete results, go to, click on “recumbent racing,” then “HPRA racing results and pictures,” then under “2018 HPV racing results and pictures,” “Michigan HPRA racing results.”   Photos by Tony Levand can be seen at

Michael Hinterseher of Novi won the streetliner class in his Milan SL three-wheel velomobile.  He's shown here in the 200-foot flying start sprint on Sunday, in which his speed was 41.15 mph – very impressive for a vehicle designed for riding on the street. He was faster than all but one of the strictly-for-speed streamliners.

Streamliners (7 entries) – 1) Dennis Grelk, Barracuda, built by Warren Beauchamp, 330 points; 2) Calvin Moes, University of Toronto, 322; 3) John Simon, Portland, Moby, 290.
Streetliner (3 entries) – 1) Michael Hinterseher, Novi, Milan SL velomobile, 355; 2) Tony Levand, Lemont, Ill., homebuilt two-wheeler, 340; 3) Tedd Wheeler, Reed City, Alleweder velomobile, 205.

Daryl Hanger, shown here during Saturday's one-hour time trial, cruised to first place in the stock class on his Cruzbike.  In the one-hour, he finished second, riding 18 laps at an average speed of 24.094 mph. 

Stock (13 entries) – 1) Daryl Hanger, Greenwood, Ind., Cruzbike, 325; 2) Dennis Grelk, homebuilt low racer, 316; 3) Rick Toler, Dayton, Ohio, Fetish upright bike, 304.
Women – Amanda Zolyniak, Toronto, Ontario, was the lone female competitor on the Raptor carbon fiber low racer built by her and husband Dan, 180.
Tricycles (4 entries) – 1) Jonathan Walters, Cincinnati, Ohio, Catrike Speed, 345; 2) Daryl Hanger, Catrike 700, 340; 3) Jeff Hunn, North Manchester, Ind., BlackMax leaning trike built by Tim Hicks, 230.
Junior (5 entries) – 1) Ishtey Amminger, 15, Cruzbike, 350; 2) Johannes Hinterseher, Novi, Trident folding tricycle, 297; 3) Cameron Lloyd, 11, Whitmore Lake, Rans Enduro, 215.

Ishtey Amminger of Memphis, Tenn., on his Cruzbike won the junior class for the third straight year.  At 15, it's his last year in the junior class.  Next year, he competes with the adults.  (Tony Levand photo)

Following are the top two in each event:
Hill climb: Streamliner: 1) Dennis Grelk, 23.28 seconds, 2) Bill Kong, University of Toronto tricycle streamliner, 23.72. Streetliner: 1) Michael Hinterseher, 22.97, 2) Tedd Wheeler. 26.56. Stock: 1) Rick Toler, 17.72 (quickest time ever), 2) Daryl Hanger, 18.23. Women: 1) Amanda Zolyniak, 25.09. Tricycle: 1) Daryl Hanger, 18.2, 2) Jonathan Walters, 19.84. Junior: 1) Ishtey Amminger, 23.21, 2) Johannes Hinterseher, 25.65.
Coast down: Streamliner: 1) Dennis Grelk, 2) Dan Zolyniak, Toronto, Mistral built by him and his wife, Amanda. Streetliner: 1) Michael Hinterseher, 2) Tony Levand. Stock: 1) Rick Toler, 2) Dennis Grelk. Women: 1) Amanda Zolyniak. Tricycle: 1) Daryl Hanger, 2) Jonathan Walters. Junior: 1) Elisabeth Hinterseher, Novi, 2) Ishtey Amminger.
One-hour time trial, faired classes and tricycles:
Streamliner: 1) Dennis Grelk, 22 laps, average speed 30.669 mph, 2) Dan Zolyniak. Streetliner: 1) Michael Hinterseher, 18 laps, 24.1 mph, 2) Tony Levand, 1 lap, 20.846 mph. Tricycles: 1) Jonathan Walters, 15 laps, 19.727 mph, 2) Daryl Hanger, 14 laps, 18.412 mph.

Racers line up for the start of the one-hour time trial for unfaired vehicles on Saturday.  There's three classes represented here – stock, women and junior – of which the fastest was Dennis Grelk (front row, fourth from left) – 19 laps at an average speed of 26.659 mph. Prior to this event, Dennis won the one-hour time trial for streamliners.

One-hour time trial, unfaired classes:
Stock: 1) Dennis Grelk. 19 laps, 26.659 mph, 2) Daryl Hanger, 18 laps, 24.094 mph. Women: 1) Amanda Zolyniak, 14 laps, 19.292 mph. Junior: 1) Ishtey Amminger, 14 laps, 18.737 mph, 2) Cameron Lloyd, 9 laps, 12.278 mph.
Hot laps (time for fastest one lap of 1.4 mile track): Streamliner: 1) Calvin Moes, 50.029, 2) John Simon, 1:00.212. Streetliner: 1) Michael Hinterseher, 1:00.220, 2) Tedd Wheeler, 1:15.079. Stock: 1) Daryl Hanger, 54.507, 2) Cyrus Furbush, Tecumseh, M5 M-Racer, 57.924. Women: 1) Amanda Zolyniak, 1:11.393. Tricycle: 1) Jonathan Walters, 1:11.162, 2) Jeff Hunn, 1:16.227. Junior: 1) Ishtey Amminger, 59.901, 2) Johannes Hinterseher, 1:36.56.

Dennis Grelk gets underway from a standing start in the hill climb on the front-wheel-drive bike he built earlier this year for riding/racing on gravel and for training. This was his entry in the urban transportation contest – he finished second – which required riding in the hill climb/coast down.  He also did the hill climb/coast down in his streamliner and on his stock class low racer, which he also built.

Urban transportation contest: There were four competitors. Scores were based on: 1) Evaluation for such features as lights, rearview mirrors, fenders and other “weather protection” features, cargo carrying capacity, carrying a lock and visibility; 2-3) finishing position in the hill climb and coast down and 4) time in the obstacle course, which tested maneuverability, speed and braking.
Darryl Hanger, Catrike 700 (with smaller rear wheel), 14 points; 2) Dennis Grelk, homebuilt front-wheel-drive recumbent built (mostly) for riding on gravel and for training, 13, 3) Johannes Hinterseher, age 12, Trident folding tricycle, 7, 4) Linnae Hinterseher (Johannes’ mother), Quattro Velo 4-wheel velomobile, 5.
Although Linnae finished fourth, it should be noted that she did not compete in the hill climb-coast down and in the evaluation, her Quattro Velo was far ahead of the other competitors. It scored points for every category except “convenience (size, getting on/in – off/out).” It’s only other negative was she had extreme difficulty making it around the tight turn in the obstacle course.
Mike Eliasohn ran the event, with assistance from Charles Brown.

200-foot flying start sprint: Streamliner: 1) Calvin Moes, 45.42 mph, 2) Dave Johnson, Olivet, Great White, 39.26 mph. Streetliner: 1) Michael Hinterseher, 41.15 mph, 2) Tony Levand, 37.99 mph. Stock: 1) Dennis Grelk, 40.02 mph, 2) Daryl Hanger, 39.73 mph. Women: 1) Amanda Zolyniak, 31.57 mph. Tricycle: 1) Daryl Hanger, 32.99 mph, 2) Jonathan Walters, 32.93 mph. Junior: 1) Ishtey Amminger, 35.70 mph, 2) Cameron Lloyd, 21.82 mph.

The tricycle race on roads in the pit area, with many corners, was an exciting duel between Jonathan Walters and Daryl Hanger.  In this photo, Daryl is leading, but at the end, Jonathan was the winner.  He rode a Catrike Speed, while Daryl was on a Catrike 700 (with smaller rear wheel).  Five trikes were in the race.

Tricycle race (times not kept, course on roads in pits, length not recorded): 1) Jonathan Walters, 2) Daryl Hanger.

Amanda Zolyniak was, unfortunately, the lone competitor in the women's class, competing on the Raptor carbon fiber low racer built by her and husband Dan, 180. She's faster than many male competitors, for instance, 31.57 mph in the 200-foot flying start sprint.

Road races (.6 mile laps, course didn’t include hill):
Faired vehicles, 20 laps, 12 miles: Streamliner: 1) Calvin Moes, 20 laps, 19:10.746, 2) Dennis Grelk, 20 laps, 20:06.284. Streetliner: 1) Tony Levand, 4 laps, 20:07.036, 2) Michael Hinterseher, 3 laps, 3:25.647. (Tony started the race late because he first had to fix a flat tire; Michael dropped out after 3 laps because of a flat tire.)
Unfaired, 15 laps, 9 miles: Stock: 1) Dennis Grelk, 15 laps, 15:20.816, 2) Daryl Hanger, 15 laps, 16:08.722. Women: 1) Amanda Zolyniak, 13 laps, 16:30.385. Junior: 1) Ishtey Amminger, 13 laps, 16:25.621, 2) Cameron Lloyd, 9 laps, 16:20.596.


Rob Lloyd of Whitmore Lake and his son, Cameron, 11, both competed on Rans bikes, which Rob modified.  He replaced the 650 size wheels on his F5 Pro with larger 700c. which required slight frame and fork modification, plus he mounted a disk brake on the front.  Cameron's Enduro came with 26 inch wheels, which his father replaced with smaller 520 size (approximately 24-inch). Rob also had to make other modifications and added disk brakes front and rear. 

Tony Levand, who finished second in the streamliner class, somehow squeezes himself and his cycle inside the small fairing.  It has a 48-inch wheelbase, 20x1.6 front wheel/tire and 700x38 rear.  It's front wheel drive. From April 16 to May 8 of this year, he rode his homebuilt creation 1,106 miles (1,780 km) on a tour.  To read about his adventures, and to see what the bike looks like without the fairing, go to

A record and not a record

Calvin Moes' 45.42 mph in the 200-foot flying start sprint led me (Mike E.) to ask Mike Mowett, who keeps track of such things, whether that was the fastest speed ever at Waterford Hills.  Here's Mike's reply:
Calvin's time was certainly very quick indeed, but Todd Reichert does still hold the track record with a 48.02 mph run in Vortex back in 2011. The year prior he had reached 47.0 mph in their first streamliner A.C.E,. breaking Rick Gritters track record of 45.91 mph set in 2006 in his Dacron liner. 
(Note from Mike E.:  Todd's fast times at Waterford Hills were in University of Toronto streamliners.  He now holds the world record, 89.54 mph/144.17 kph set at the World Human Power Speed Challenge at Battle Mountain, Nev., in 2016,)
Calvin's run is likely in the top 10 of all time at Waterford Hills. Calvin is the ninth fastest human using pedal power,  based on his legal runs of 79.2 mph last year at Battle Mountain in Eta Prime, while winning the event.  
Note: Dennis Grelk expressed some disappointment to me that he couldn't get Frank Geyer's 27.66 mph stock record (in the one-hour time trial) set on his Challenge Jester way back in 2004. That still remains a formidable mark that Frank set in 20 laps of the track. 
Note: Rick Toler's 17 second hill climb on his upright bike is a new overall hill climb record, beating Sean Costin's 18 second mark. Rick rides a lot of time trials in Ohio with Thom Ollinger and this was at least his second HPRA race (but his first at Waterford Hills). I know he raced at Ohio in 2011, a race at which I fell and Warren Beauchamp had Rick drafting him the whole hour, which he recorded on film.

The complete history of the track records are here.